Foreign shell banks are non-U.S. banks without a physical presence in any country. A "foreign bank" is any bank organized under non-U.S. law or an agency, branch or office of a bank located outside the U.S. The term does not include an agent, agency, branch or office within the U.S. of a bank organized under foreign law.
A “private banking” account is an account (or any combination of accounts) that requires a minimum aggregate deposit of $1,000,000, is established for one or more individuals and is assigned to or administered or managed by, in whole or in part, an officer, employee or agent of a financial institution acting as a liaison between the financial institution and the direct or beneficial owner of the account.
A foreign financial institution is:
(1) a non-U.S. bank;
(2) any branch or office located outside the United States of a broker-dealer; futures commission merchant or introducing broker; or open-end mutual fund company;
(3) any other person organized under foreign law (other than a branch or office of such person in the United States) that, if it were located in the United States, would be a broker-dealer; futures commission merchant or introducing broker; or open-end mutual fund company; and
(4) any person organized under foreign law (other than a branch or office of such person in the United States) that is engaged in the business of and is readily identifiable as: (a) a currency dealer or exchanger; or (b) a money transmitter.